Installation of R programming language in pretty straight forward on Linux.
To get started first we need to install R language. Then we will write our first "Hello, world!" Program. As needed, you can program at the R language command prompt, or you can write programs using R language script files.
R language is a programming language and software environment for statistical analysis, graphical representation and reporting. The R language was created by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman at the University of Auckland, New Zealand, and is currently developed by the R language development core team.
R is a great language with a handsome amount of free packages but they are not bundle with R installer. R has around 10k packages freely available packages.
R is an old language which is gain popularity rapidly due it ease and effectiveness in statistical analysis and rich and graphical outputs to give results more sense and to make the masses understand it.